All About Trademark Class List in Company Trademark Registration in India


In the dynamic and competitive business landscape of India, protecting your company’s identity is paramount. A key step in safeguarding your brand is through company trademark registration in India. Besides, it is a legal process that provides exclusive rights to use your brand name and logo. The Indian trademark system follows the Nice Classification, a system of classifying goods and services for the purpose of registration. So, in this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the intricacies of the trademark class list and explore the steps involved in company trademark registration in India.

Understanding the Trademark Class List

The Nice Classification, is an international system for the classification of goods and services for the purpose of registering trademarks. In India, the trademark class list is consisting 45 classes – 34 for goods and 11 for services.

Selecting the Right Trademark Class

Choosing the correct class is crucial for successful trademark registration. Misclassification can lead to the rejection of your application. The key is to accurately identify the goods or services your company provides and then locate the appropriate class. Often, businesses may need to register in multiple classes to adequately cover their offerings.

For instance, if your company manufactures and sells clothing, you would fall under Class 25 for “Clothing, footwear, headgear.” However, if your company also provides online retail services for clothing, you would need to consider both Class 25 for the physical goods and Class 35 for the retail services.

Trademark Search

Before diving into the registration process, it is advisable to conduct a thorough trademark search. This involves checking existing trademarks to ensure that your proposed mark is unique and does not infringe on existing registrations. You can conduct the search through the official website of the Intellectual Property India (IPI), which provides a comprehensive database of registered trademarks.

A detailed search will help you identify potential conflicts and allow for adjustments to your mark if necessary. This step is crucial in avoiding legal disputes and ensuring a smoother registration process.

Preparing the Trademark Application

Once you have determined the appropriate class and ensured the uniqueness of your mark, the next step is to prepare the trademark application. The application should include:

Trademark Details

This includes the clear representation of the trademark. Moreover, description of the trademark, including any specific colors, if applicable.

Applicant Information

Here you need to provide the full name and address of the applicant. So, if the applicant is a company, you will need details such as registration number and address.

Goods/Services Description

You also need to provide an accurate description of the goods or services for which you apply the trademark.

Power of Attorney

In some cases, you will need a Power of Attorney. Especially if is an agent files trademark registration on behalf of the applicant.

Filing the Trademark Application

You can file your trademark application online through the official website of the Intellectual Property India. Hence, you should submit the application to the appropriate Trademark Registry based on the location of the applicant’s principal place of business. Moreover, the filing fee is on the basis of the number of classes in the application.

Upon submission, you will receive an acknowldegement receipt. Thereafter, the application then undergoes a formal examination to ensure all required details are provided.

Formal Examination and Publication

During the formal examination, the trademark office reviews the application for compliance with procedural requirements. Hence, if any deficiencies are found, the applicant may be given an opportunity to rectify them. Once the application passes the formal examination, it is published in the Trademarks Journal.

The purpose of publication is to invite opposition from third parties. So, interested parties have a window of four months to file an opposition, stating the grounds for objection. If no opposition is received, or if the opposition is unsuccessful, the application proceeds to the next stage.

Substantive Examination

After the publication period and any potential opposition proceedings, the application undergoes substantive examination. The examiner assesses the mark’s distinctiveness and its likelihood of causing confusion with existing trademarks. If the examiner has no objections, or if the applicant successfully addresses any concerns raised, the mark is accepted for registration.

Registration and Issuance of the Trademark Certificate

Upon acceptance, the trademark office issues a Certificate of Registration. The registration is valid for ten years from the filing date and can be renewed indefinitely in successive ten-year periods. The certificate provides the trademark owner with exclusive rights to use the mark in connection with the registered goods or services.

Enforcement and Protection of Trademark Rights

Securing a trademark registration is just the beginning. Vigilant enforcement is necessary to protect your rights. Trademark owners should actively monitor the market for potential infringements and take prompt legal action if unauthorized use is identified.

Infringement actions may include sending cease and desist letters, filing oppositions against conflicting applications, or initiating legal proceedings in court. The Indian legal system provides robust mechanisms for the enforcement of trademark rights, including civil remedies such as injunctions, damages, and account of profits.

International Trademark Protection

For companies with global ambitions, it’s crucial to consider international trademark protection. India is a signatory to the Madrid Protocol, an international treaty that facilitates the registration of trademarks in multiple countries through a single application.

Under the Madrid System, a trademark owner can file a single application with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) designating the countries where protection is sought. This provides a streamlined and cost-effective way to obtain international trademark protection.


In the competitive business environment of India, a well-protected trademark is a valuable asset that enhances brand recognition and consumer trust. Navigating the trademark class list and successfully registering your company’s trademark requires careful consideration of the classification system, thorough searches, and adherence to the registration process.

By understanding the nuances of trademark registration in India, from selecting the right class to enforcement of rights, businesses can establish a solid foundation for brand protection. In an era where intellectual property plays a crucial role in business success, investing time and resources in securing and maintaining a strong trademark is a strategic decision that can pay dividends in the long run.